What is Speech Therapy?

Speech and language therapy is often called "ST" in the therapy world.

 

Speech therapy is provided by a speech language pathologist or "SLP". 

 

SLPs often work with children with language deficits, articulation deficits, swallowing/feeding issues, stuttering, hearing impairment, cleft lip/palate, apraxia, Down syndrome, traumatic brain injury, autism, ADHD, and more.

Articulation Disorders

Difficulties producing sounds in syllables or saying words incorrectly. 

Language Disorders

A child can have an expressive language delay, receptive language delay, or both.

  • Expressive Language: Difficulty putting words together, limited vocabulary, or inability to use language in a socially appropriate way. 

  • Receptive Language: Difficulty understanding or processing language. 

Fluency Disorders

Problems with fluent speech such as stuttering.

Apraxia

Difficulty with motor planning, making it difficult to move the mouth to produce speech sounds. 

Oral/Feeding Disorders

These include difficulties with drooling, eating, and swallowing. 

Developmental Checklist

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