What is Speech Therapy?

Speech and language therapy is often called "ST" in the therapy world.


Speech therapy is provided by a speech language pathologist or "SLP". 


SLPs often work with children with language deficits, articulation deficits, swallowing/feeding issues, stuttering, hearing impairment, cleft lip/palate, apraxia, Down syndrome, traumatic brain injury, autism, ADHD, and more.

Articulation Disorders

Difficulties producing sounds in syllables or saying words incorrectly. 

Language Disorders

A child can have an expressive language delay, receptive language delay, or both.

  • Expressive Language: Difficulty putting words together, limited vocabulary, or inability to use language in a socially appropriate way. 

  • Receptive Language: Difficulty understanding or processing language. 

Fluency Disorders

Problems with fluent speech such as stuttering.


Difficulty with motor planning, making it difficult to move the mouth to produce speech sounds. 

Oral/Feeding Disorders

These include difficulties with drooling, eating, and swallowing. 

Developmental Checklist

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